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The Evolution of Everything: How Ideas Emerge 其它優惠/消息


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內容簡介

演化不只存在於生物學,它發生在每個領域當中!

「一種高度知性且打破偶像崇拜的世界觀,本書督促我們用新的觀點來看待生命」
-- 紐約時報書評

求學時,書本告訴我們的是:將軍打了勝仗,政治人物治理國家,科學家發現了真理,藝術家創造了不同的畫類,發明家有了突破,牧師教導德性,生意人引領商業走向。這一切看似是由少數人所策劃,由上而下地統御著整個世界。

然而,科普作家Matt Ridley 卻要打破這樣的迷思,他認為世上所有的一切都是由下而上,自然地演化而成,並不是經過精心盤算、設計得來的。正如同遷徙的大雁排成V字型,白蟻推砌出高聳的泥土教堂,他們並沒有事先設計,而是在發生錯誤與不斷的嘗試中,自然而然地演化出最適合他們的生存方式。

Ridley 從各種不同的領域,如:科學、經濟、歷史、政治、哲學、藝術、語言、社會,舉出各種證明支持他的觀點。所有的翻新與改變,都是慢慢地而非一下子蹦出來的,因為凡事都有自身內在的動能,而非由外在所驅動,演化本身並沒有目的,它就是在嘗試與錯誤當中發生,也就是所謂的物競天擇、適者生存。


We are taught that the world is a top-down place. Acclaimed author, Matt Ridley, shows just how wrong this is in his compelling new book.

We are taught that the world is a top-down place. Generals win battles; politicians run countries; scientists discover truths; artists create genres; inventors make breakthroughs; teachers shape minds; philosophers change minds; priests teach morality; businessmen lead businesses; environmentalists save the planet. Not just individuals, but institutions too: Goldman Sachs, the Communist Party, the Catholic Church, Al Qaeda – these are said to shape the world.

This is more often wrong than right. ‘The Evolution of Everything’ is about bottom-up order and its enemy, the top-down twitch, the endless fascination human beings have for design rather than evolution, for direction rather than emergence. Top downery is the source of most of our worst problems in the past – why Hitler won an election, why the sub-prime bubble happened, why Africa lingered in poverty when Asia did not, why the euro is a disaster – and will be the scourge of this century too.

And although we neglect, defy and ignore them, bottom-up trends still shape the world. The growth of technology, the sanitation-driven health revolution, the quadrupling of farm yields so that more land could be released for nature – these were largely emergent phenomena. So was the internet, the mobile phone revolution and the rise of Asia.

In this wide-ranging, highly opinionated non-fiction narrative, Ridley draws on anecdotes from science, economics, history, politics and philosophy and examples drawn from the scientific literature, from historical narratives and from personal anecdotes.







詳細資料

誠品26碼 /2681295265008
ISBN 13 /9780007542475
ISBN 10 /000754247X
EAN /9780007542475

頁數400
尺寸19.7X13.0CM
裝訂平裝
級別
語言英文
成份




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