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Wealth and Power: China's Long March to the Twenty-first Century

Wealth and Power: China's Long March to the Twenty-first Century
富強之路: 從慈禧開始的長征


作者  /  Orville Schell/ John Delury 夏偉/ 魯樂漢

出版社 / Abacus Publishing Ltd

出版日期 / 2016/09/01

商品語言 / 英文

裝訂 / 平裝

定價 / NT$605

售價 / 9折, NT$ 545

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西方譽為顛覆、挑戰 中國官方近現代史敘述力作,
英文原書由藍燈書屋推出,引起西方世界巨大反響,
史景遷等史學名家與重要媒體一致推薦盛讚。

一八四二年至今,在中國追求復興的漫漫長征中,
魏源、馮桂芬、慈禧太后、梁啟超、孫中山、陳獨秀、蔣介石、毛澤東、鄧小平、朱鎔基和劉曉波,
這十一位具有象徵意義的知識分子、思想家、
政界領袖、維新派、革命者、異議人士,
被召喚出場,擔任嚮導,
他們都是這齣中國追求富國強兵的現代化大戲裡不可替代的重要角色。

一八四二年是官方版中國近代史的元年。在過去一個半世紀裡,中國的失敗屈辱一直是凝聚中國民族主義的粘著劑,即便到了今天,中國已經坐擁三萬億美元的外匯儲備,但仍未能治癒第一次鴉片戰爭中被英國擊潰的心理創傷。

在《富強之路:從慈禧開始的長征》這部顛覆性和開創性的著作裡,作者指出,中國跌跌撞撞地走過帝王統治、軍閥割據、共和制和共產主義已經有一個半世紀,而其領導人的統治思想也歷經封建主義、法西斯主義、極權主義和資本主義,但這些相互衝突的體制和意識形態都未能定義這中國。在中國的近現代史中,唯一永恆不變的價值,就是追求「富強」這一法家箴言、尋求偉大復興。

十一個富有代表性的人物,因此被作者召喚出來,輪番出場,接力走完中國追求現代性復興大戲的漫漫長征。他們分別是魏源、馮桂芬、慈禧太后、梁啟超、孫中山、陳獨秀、蔣介石、毛澤東、鄧小平、朱鎔基和劉曉波。

這十一人中,既有「龍夫人」(慈禧)、自強派思想家、也有革命者、共產黨和異議分子。他們在作者筆下,面貌栩栩如生,各自有不同的使命、責任和熱情,既呼應了自己的時代,也顛覆了自己的時代。他們之間也彼此顛覆,前後對立。然而這些人在更大的目的論和方法論上,竟然出奇的一致。那就是致力於使中國再度富(wealth)強(power)。

這本書,在另外一層意義上也像是一本十九和二十世紀中國精英的肖像畫冊,每一章都是他們的精彩傳記。本書既比較了這些人物的異同,如慈禧和鄧小平:前者在決策錯誤致使義和拳亂後,竟然打開紫禁城的巨大紅門,歡迎國外公使進去參觀,推動自強和立憲,後者在天安門事件的全球封鎖下,靠南巡繼續推動開放,讓中國「入世」。本書也顛覆了很多歷史既定的看法。比如慈禧,她被嚴重的污名化,原因來自兩種力量,一種是巴恪思(《太后與我》一書作者)這樣的西方漢學家,他們帶著東方神秘主義的眼鏡,把慈禧塗抹成淫蕩的龍夫人;一種是漢文化儒家男人沙文思想,因此她變成惡女人,背負腐敗亡國的罪名。但另外一面,她更是清末自強、立憲運動的幕后決策和推動者。

作者最後指出,這十一個人,雖然下場淒涼悲慘,但其思想遺產卻沉澱在現代中國宏圖大略的核心。至今,中國似乎已經崛起,一百餘年追求的富強目標似乎達成,然而,儒家理論敗退後似乎也留下了一個道德真空。這是一條和西方不盡相同的路徑。賦予西方塑造現代性的「自由、平等、博愛」,換到形塑現代中國,則變成了「富有、強大、榮耀」。因此,這個務實的、講究手段的國家,在取得富強後,會把自己的國家力量投射到何方?這令全球關注。換言之,從慈禧開始的、邁向真正現代又偉大的國家的長征,何時會抵達終點?在本書結尾,作者丟給讀者這個巨大的疑問。

Through a series of lively and absorbing portraits of iconic modern Chinese leaders and thinkers, two of today’s foremost specialists on China provide a panoramic narrative of this country’s rise to preeminence that is at once analytical and personal. How did a nation, after a long and painful period of dynastic decline, intellectual upheaval, foreign occupation, civil war, and revolution, manage to burst forth onto the world stage with such an impressive run of hyperdevelopment and wealth creation—culminating in the extraordinary dynamism of China today?
 
Wealth and Power answers this question by examining the lives of eleven influential officials, writers, activists, and leaders whose contributions helped create modern China. This fascinating survey begins in the lead-up to the first Opium War with Wei Yuan, the nineteenth-century scholar and reformer who was one of the first to urge China to borrow ideas from the West. It concludes in our time with human-rights advocate and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo, an outspoken opponent of single-party rule. Along the way, we meet such titans of Chinese history as the Empress Dowager Cixi, public intellectuals Feng Guifen, Liang Qichao, and Chen Duxiu, Nationalist stalwarts Sun Yat-sen and Chiang Kai-shek, and Communist Party leaders Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, and Zhu Rongji.
 
The common goal that unites all of these disparate figures is their determined pursuit of fuqiang, “wealth and power.” This abiding quest for a restoration of national greatness in the face of a “century of humiliation” at the hands of the Great Powers came to define the modern Chinese character. It’s what drove both Mao and Deng to embark on root-and-branch transformations of Chinese society, first by means of Marxism-Leninism, then by authoritarian capitalism. And this determined quest remains the key to understanding many of China’s actions today.
 
By unwrapping the intellectual antecedents of today’s resurgent China, Orville Schell and John Delury supply much-needed insight into the country’s tortured progression from nineteenth-century decline to twenty-first-century boom. By looking backward into the past to understand forces at work for hundreds of years, they help us understand China today and the future that this singular country is helping shape for all of us.
 
NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY ST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH
 
“Superb . . . beautifully written and neatly structured.”—Financial Times
 
“[An] engaging narrative of the intellectual and cultural origins of China’s modern rise.”—The New York Times Book Review
 
“Informative and insightful . . . a must-read for anyone with an interest in the world’s fastest-rising superpower.”—Slate
 
“It does a better job than most other books of answering a basic question the rest of the world naturally asks about China’s recent rise: What does China want?”—The Atlantic
 
“The portraits are beautifully written and bring to life not only their subjects but also the mood and intellectual debates of the times in which they lived.”—Foreign Affairs
 
“Excellent and erudite . . . [The authors] combine scholarly learning with a reportorial

本書【富強之路: 從慈禧開始的長征】為八旗文化出版







詳細資料

誠品26碼 /2681374117006
ISBN 13 /9780349139647
ISBN 10 /0349139644
EAN /9780349139647

尺寸20.1X15.4X3.2CM
裝訂平裝
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語言英文
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