首頁外文書人文心理勵志 〉A Field Guide to Lies: Critical Thinking in the Information Age


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內容簡介

批判性思考入門課!

這是一個由媒體所建構的世界。
你真的以為報紙、部落格、維基百科上所寫的,或甚至政府提供的資訊都是正確的嗎?
在資訊爆炸的世界中,該如何不淹沒在參差不齊的資訊海裡? 

《紐約時報》冠軍暢銷作家丹尼爾.列維廷(Daniel J. Levitin),教您如何以批判性思考為利器,看穿謊言!

在前作《大腦超載時代的思考學》(The Organized Mind)中,他教您如何在大量的訊息中,做出正確的決策;在新作中,他教授批判性思考,以及看穿資訊謊言的技巧!

在資訊爆炸的時代裡,事實與數字充斥著日常生活。但在許多情況下,它們都充滿偏見、被扭曲,或甚至根本就是捏造的謊言。從失業率的數字、選舉民調、智商測試到離婚率,我們被看似可信的統計數據不斷轟炸。

資訊來源的品質造成資訊被扭曲,透過各種管道,每天不斷傳播。平均數可能受操縱;圖表可能被扭曲。錯誤的資訊,充斥於書中、網站、影片與社群網站中。當並不是所有事情都解釋得通時,我們卻仍盲目地相信使人畏懼的數據。

數據,是由可能犯錯的人類所蒐集的。

因此,具備看穿這些統計數據把戲與謊言的眼光,絕對是在現代社會生存,最不可或缺的技能之一。批判性思考,成為現代人生存的必備能力!

作者使用主流媒體中的實例,告訴我們,不管是刻意或無心,數據都可能誤導。從名詞定義是否正確、是否列出具代表性的例子、是否有可信的專家背書、到資訊來源的聲譽,這些都必須一一檢視與懷疑。

我們不能將所有資訊視為理所當然,必須對於所閱讀到的一切,抱持懷疑的態度,看穿有問題的論點,過濾可疑或錯誤的資訊,找出隱藏在茫茫資訊底下的真實。

當大數據成為人類生活中無法被忽視的一頁時,批判性思考更顯其重要性。
還在資訊海中浮沉嗎?現在就是你覺醒的時刻!


From The New York Times bestselling author of THE ORGANIZED MIND and THIS IS YOUR BRAIN ON MUSIC, aprimer to the critical thinking that is more necessary now than ever. 

We are bombarded with more information each day than our brains can process especially in election season. It's raining bad data, half-truths, and even outright lies. "New York Times"bestselling author Daniel J. Levitinshows how to recognize misleading announcements, statistics, graphs, and written reports revealing the ways lying weasels can use them. 

It's becoming harder to separate the wheat from the digital chaff. How do we distinguish misinformation, pseudo-facts, distortions, and outright lies from reliable information? Levitin groups his field guide into two categories statistical infomation and faulty arguments ultimately showing how science is the bedrock of critical thinking. Infoliteracy means understanding that there are hierarchies of source quality and bias that variously distort our information feeds via every media channel, including social media. We may expect newspapers, bloggers, the government, and Wikipedia to be factually and logically correct, but they so often aren't. We need to think critically about the words and numbers we encounter if we want to be successful at work, at play, and in making the most of our lives. This means checking the plausibility and reasoning not passively accepting information, repeating it, and making decisions based on it. Readers learn to avoid the extremes of passive gullibility and cynical rejection. Levitin's charming, entertaining, accessible guide can help anyone wake up to a whole lot of things that aren't so. And catch some lying weasels in their tracks! 







詳細資料

誠品26碼 /2681330056004
ISBN 13 /9781101985588
ISBN 10 /1101985585
EAN /9781101985588

頁數304
裝訂平裝
級別
語言英文
成份




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