內容簡介 《Enlightenment Now》作者新作！人類對科學的理解達到新高度，但同時也正走向失控邊緣…「有史以來最喜歡的新書。」一比爾蓋茲「如果你曾以為吃藥能讓自己更聰明，那麼，請你讀這本書。它更便宜、更有趣、也更有效」一紐約史登商學院，喬納森·海特 (Jonathan Haidt)，《正義的心靈》(The Righteous Mind) 作者 《再啟蒙的年代》作者Steven Pinker新作：《理性：為什麼稀有又重要》（暫譯）。 閱讀真能讓你更理性嗎？ 哈佛心理學教授史蒂芬‧平克在《理性：為什麼稀有又重要》（暫譯）揭開了直現思考的本質及扭曲的方式。 現今，人類對科學的理解達到新的高度，但也正走向失控邊緣… 在一年內開發出新冠疫苗的人類，為何也是假新聞、醫學騙術和陰謀論的製造者？哈佛心理學教授史蒂芬‧平克拒絕以偏概全認定「人類就是非理性的」。 畢竟，我們發現了自然規律，並設定了理性的基準。但為何人們仍經常背負著偏見、謬論和幻想的罪名。 因為實際上，生活，大部分時間都是在低度思考的環境下進行著。 我們根本不需要用到推理、邏輯、批判性思維、或然率、和因果關係等，更別說是信念或是承諾等形而上的概念。 但極端地追求理性，又是正確的嗎？作者在書中探索了純粹追求理性下的瘋狂，以及「集體理性」如何取決於「客觀性」和「真實性」的規範。 本書充滿平克一貫的洞察力和幽默感，開始我們的「理性」。它為我們的生活和公共領域帶來更好的選擇，是社會正義和道德進步的驅動力。Can reading a book make you more rational? Can it help us understand why there is so much irrationality in the world? Steven Pinker, author of Enlightenment Now (Bill Gates's "new favorite book of all time") answers all the questions hereToday humanity is reaching new heights of scientific understanding--and also appears to be losing its mind. How can a species that developed vaccines for Covid-19 in less than a year produce so much fake news, medical quackery, and conspiracy theorizing?Pinker rejects the cynical cliché that humans are simply irrational--cavemen out of time saddled with biases, fallacies, and illusions. After all, we discovered the laws of nature, lengthened and enriched our lives, and set out the benchmarks for rationality itself. We actually think in ways that are sensible in the low-tech contexts in which we spend most of our lives, but fail to take advantage of the powerful tools of reasoning we’ve discovered over the millennia: logic, critical thinking, probability, correlation and causation, and optimal ways to update beliefs and commit to choices individually and with others. These tools are not a standard part of our education, and have never been presented clearly and entertainingly in a single book--until now.Rationality also explores its opposite: how the rational pursuit of self-interest, sectarian solidarity, and uplifting mythology can add up to crippling irrationality in a society. Collective rationality depends on norms that are explicitly designed to promote objectivity and truth.Rationality matters. It leads to better choices in our lives and in the public sphere, and is the ultimate driver of social justice and moral progress. Brimming with Pinker's customary insight and humor, Rationality will enlighten, inspire, and empower.
作者介紹 Steven Pinker Steven Pinker is the Johnstone Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. A two-time Pulitzer Prize finalist and the winner of many awards for his research, teaching, and books, he has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences and named one of Time's 100 Most Influential People and one of Foreign Policy's 100 Leading Global Thinkers. His books include The Blank Slate, The Stuff of Thought, The Better Angels of Our Nature, The Sense of Style, and Enlightenment Now.