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Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy

Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy
大數據的傲慢與偏見: 一個圈內數學家對演算法霸權的警告與揭發


作者  /  Cathy O'neil 凱西.歐尼爾

出版社 / CROWN

出版日期 / 2016/09/06

商品語言 / 英文

裝訂 / 平裝

定價 / NT$455

售價 / 79折, NT$ 359

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歡迎來到大數據的黑暗面……
哈佛大學數學博士、華爾街前金融工程師揭露驚人真相!

大數據,究竟是高效率的工具,還是具殺傷力的武器?

「Cathy O’Neil從內部觀察大數據,而那畫面並不美好。《Weapons of Math Destruction》揭開剝削人們與扭曲真實的演算法帷幕,因為它擺出中立數學工具的姿態。本書充滿智慧、強烈且無比必要。」
--《數學教你不犯錯》(How Not To Be Wrong)作者/艾倫伯格(Jordan Ellenberg)

在大數據當道的時代,日常生活充滿數學模型與演算法,理當帶來更甚於以往的公平與公正,因為每個人都在相同的規則下,受到評判與檢視,而偏見將不復存在……但真的是如此嗎?

大量採用大數據的結果,只會造成歧視更加嚴重:若窮學生無法成功申請助學貸款,原因為借貸模型將他判斷為「風險過高」,他隨即在能讓其脫離貧窮的教育大門口前,不得其門而入--弱勢者受懲罰,產生惡性循環,這個世界與公平正義漸行漸遠……這些數學武器,已在無形中成為極具毀滅性的力量,深深影響著財經、教育、醫藥、政治與職場等領域!

作者敲響一記警鐘,記錄大數據如何助長社會問題,也認為制訂政策的在上位者,應管制對於大數據的使用。但決定性的改變,仍在於我們是否願意去了解這些支配人生的數學模型。她提供了一些可行的建議,呼籲讀者提出艱難的問題、揭露真相、要求改變!


A former Wall Street quant sounds an alarm on mathematical modeling—a pervasive new force in society that threatens to undermine democracy and widen inequality.
 
We live in the age of the algorithm. Increasingly, the decisions that affect our lives—where we go to school, whether we get a car loan, how much we pay for health insurance—are being made not by humans, but by mathematical models. In theory, this should lead to greater fairness: Everyone is judged according to the same rules, and bias is eliminated. But as Cathy O’Neil reveals in this shocking book, the opposite is true. The models being used today are opaque, unregulated, and uncontestable, even when they’re wrong. Most troubling, they reinforce discrimination: If a poor student can’t get a loan because a lending model deems him too risky (by virtue of his race or neighborhood), he’s then cut off from the kind of education that could pull him out of poverty, and a vicious spiral ensues. Models are propping up the lucky and punishing the downtrodden, creating a “toxic cocktail for democracy.” Welcome to the dark side of Big Data.
 
Tracing the arc of a person’s life, from college to retirement, O’Neil exposes the black box models that shape our future, both as individuals and as a society. Models that score teachers and students, sort resumes, grant (or deny) loans, evaluate workers, target voters, set parole, and monitor our health—all have pernicious feedback loops. They don’t simply describe reality, as proponents claim, they change reality, by expanding or limiting the opportunities people have. O’Neil calls on modelers to take more responsibility for how their algorithms are being used. But in the end, it’s up to us to become more savvy about the models that govern our lives. This important book empowers us to ask the tough questions, uncover the truth, and demand change.







詳細資料

誠品26碼 /2681296728007
ISBN 13 /9780451497338
ISBN 10 /0451497333
EAN /9780451497338

頁數272
裝訂平裝
級別
語言英文
成份





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